New York Natural Heritage Program
Bird's-eye Primrose
Primula mistassinica Michx.
Dicots
Primula mistassinica rosettes and fruiting stalks Stephen M. Young
Family: Primrose Family (Primulaceae)

State Protection: Threatened
listed species are those with: 1) 6 to fewer than 20 extant sites, or 2) 1,000 to fewer than 3,000 individuals, or 3) restricted to not less than 4 or more than 7 U.S.G.S. 7 ½ minute topographical maps, or 4) listed as threatened by U.S. Department of Interior.

Federal Protection: Not Listed

State Rarity Rank: S2
A State Rarity Rank of S2 means: This plant is threatened/imperiled in New York because of rarity (typically 6-20 populations or few remaining individuals) or is vulnerable to extirpation from New York due to biological factors.

Global Rarity Rank: G5
A Global Rarity Rank of G5 means: This species is demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.


Did you know?
Primula mistassinica is named for Lake Mistassini, the largest lake in the Québec province. While these plants in Canada are usually found on the ground in bogs and marshes, this plant only survives on cold seepy cliff faces in New York.

State Ranking Justification [-]
There are twelve known populations and approximately 9 additional historical populations of this plant. Most of these populations are on well-protected cliffs, but some cliffs may be subject to natural or artificial sloughing. This plant has a limited range, and an even greater limited habitat. As a plant at the southern limit of its range, it has always likely been rare in New York.

Short-term Trends [-]

Long-term Trends [-]