New York Natural Heritage Program
Plant Guides
Alpine Cliff Fern
Woodsia alpina
Alpine Goldenrod
Solidago leiocarpa
Alpine Sweetgrass
Anthoxanthum monticola ssp. monticola
Alpine Willow-herb
Epilobium hornemannii ssp. hornemannii
American Ipecac
Euphorbia ipecacuanhae
American Strawberry-bush
Euonymus americanus
American Waterwort
Elatine americana
Angled Spikerush
Eleocharis quadrangulata
Appalachian Bristle Fern
Trichomanes intricatum
Appalachian Firmoss
Huperzia appressa
Appalachian Sandwort
Minuartia glabra
Appalachian Shoestring Fern
Vittaria appalachiana
Arctic Rush
Juncus trifidus
Atlantic White Cedar
Chamaecyparis thyoides
Auricled Twayblade
Listera auriculata
Awned Sedge
Carex atherodes
Back's Sedge
Carex backii
Balsam Willow
Salix pyrifolia
Barratt's Sedge
Carex barrattii
Basil Mountain-mint
Pycnanthemum clinopodioides
Bayard's Adder's-mouth Orchid
Malaxis bayardii
Beakgrass
Diarrhena obovata
Bearberry Willow
Salix uva-ursi
Bent Sedge
Carex styloflexa
Big Shellbark Hickory
Carya laciniosa
Bigelow's Sedge
Carex bigelowii
Bigleaf Yellow Avens
Geum macrophyllum var. macrophyllum
Bird's-eye Primrose
Primula mistassinica
Black Crowberry
Empetrum nigrum ssp. hermaphroditum
Black Sedge
Carex nigra
Black-edge Sedge
Carex nigromarginata
Blue Wild Rye
Elymus glaucus ssp. glaucus
Blunt Mountain-mint
Pycnanthemum muticum
Blunt-lobe Grape Fern
Botrychium oneidense
Boott's Rattlesnake-root
Prenanthes boottii
Bradley's Spleenwort
Asplenium bradleyi
Broad-lipped Twayblade
Listera convallarioides
Broom Crowberry
Corema conradii
Brown Bog Sedge
Carex buxbaumii
Bushy Cinquefoil
Potentilla paradoxa
Bushy Rockrose
Crocanthemum dumosum
Bushy St. John's-wort
Hypericum densiflorum
Butterwort
Pinguicula vulgaris
Button Sedge
Carex bullata
Button-bush Dodder
Cuscuta cephalanthi
Canadian Single-spike Sedge
Carex scirpoidea ssp. scirpoidea
Carey's Sedge
Carex careyana
Carey's Smartweed
Persicaria careyi
Carolina Clubmoss
Pseudolycopodiella caroliniana
Carolina Redroot
Lachnanthes caroliniana
Carolina Sedge
Carex caroliniana
Carolina Whitlow-grass
Draba reptans
Cat-tail Sedge
Carex typhina
Champlain Beachgrass
Ammophila breviligulata ssp. champlainensis
Climbing Fern
Lygodium palmatum
Cloud Sedge
Carex haydenii
Clustered Bluets
Oldenlandia uniflora
Clustered Sedge
Carex cumulata
Coast Flatsedge
Cyperus polystachyos var. texensis
Coast Violet
Viola brittoniana
Coastal Goldenrod
Solidago latissimifolia
Coastal Silverweed
Argentina egedii ssp. groenlandica
Collins' Sedge
Carex collinsii
Comb-leaved Mermaid-weed
Proserpinaca pectinata
Common Moonwort
Botrychium lunaria
Cooper's Milkvetch
Astragalus neglectus
Coppery St. John's-wort
Hypericum denticulatum
Cork Elm
Ulmus thomasii
Cranefly Orchid
Tipularia discolor
Crawe's Sedge
Carex crawei
Creeping Juniper
Juniperus horizontalis
Creeping Sedge
Carex chordorrhiza
Creeping Spikerush
Eleocharis fallax
Creeping St. John's-wort
Hypericum adpressum
Crested Fringed Orchis
Platanthera cristata
Curlygrass Fern
Schizaea pusilla
Cut-leaved Evening-primrose
Oenothera laciniata
Cypress-knee Sedge
Carex decomposita
Dark-green sedge
Carex venusta
Davis' Sedge
Carex davisii
Deer's Hair Sedge
Trichophorum cespitosum ssp. cespitosum
Delmarva Beggar-ticks
Bidens bidentoides
Diapensia
Diapensia lapponica
Doubtful Toad-rush
Juncus ambiguus
Douglas' Knotweed
Polygonum douglasii
Downy Carrion-flower
Smilax pulverulenta
Downy Wood-mint
Blephilia ciliata
Dragon's Mouth Orchid
Arethusa bulbosa
Drowned Beakrush
Rhynchospora inundata
Drummond's Rock-cress
Boechera stricta
Dune Sandspur
Cenchrus tribuloides
Dwarf Blueberry
Vaccinium cespitosum
Dwarf Bulrush
Lipocarpha micrantha
Dwarf Glasswort
Salicornia bigelovii
Dwarf Hawthorn
Crataegus uniflora
Dwarf Huckleberry
Gaylussacia dumosa
Dwarf Sand-cherry
Prunus pumila var. depressa
Dwarf White Birch
Betula minor
Dwarf Willow
Salix herbacea
Early Frostweed
Crocanthemum propinquum
Eastern Grasswort
Lilaeopsis chinensis
Elk Sedge
Carex garberi
Emory's Sedge
Carex emoryi
Engelmann's Spikerush
Eleocharis engelmannii
Estuary Beggar-ticks
Bidens hyperborea var. hyperborea
Fairy Wand
Chamaelirium luteum
False China-root
Smilax pseudochina
False Hop Sedge
Carex lupuliformis
False Lettuce
Lactuca floridana
False Toadflax
Geocaulon lividum
Farwell's Water-milfoil
Myriophyllum farwellii
Featherfoil
Hottonia inflata
Fernald's Bluegrass
Poa laxa ssp. fernaldiana
Fernald's Sedge
Carex merritt-fernaldii
Few-flowered Nutrush
Scleria pauciflora var. caroliniana
Fibrous Bladderwort
Utricularia striata
Field Beadgrass
Paspalum laeve
Flax-leaf Whitetop
Sericocarpus linifolius
Flowering Pixiemoss
Pyxidanthera barbulata
Four-flowered Loosestrife
Lysimachia quadriflora
Fragrant Cliff Fern
Dryopteris fragrans
Frank's Sedge
Carex frankii
Fringed Boneset
Eupatorium torreyanum
Georgia Bulrush
Scirpus georgianus
Giant Pine-drops
Pterospora andromedea
Glaucous Sedge
Carex glaucodea
Globe-fruited Ludwigia
Ludwigia sphaerocarpa
Globose Flatsedge
Cyperus echinatus
Glomerate Sedge
Carex aggregata
Golden Club
Orontium aquaticum
Golden Corydalis
Corydalis aurea
Golden Dock
Rumex fueginus
Golden-seal
Hydrastis canadensis
Great Plains Flatsedge
Cyperus lupulinus ssp. lupulinus
Green Gentian
Frasera caroliniensis
Green Milkweed
Asclepias viridiflora
Green Parrot's-feather
Myriophyllum pinnatum
Green Rock-cress
Boechera missouriensis
Gypsy-wort
Lycopus rubellus
Hair-like Sedge
Carex capillaris
Handsome Sedge
Carex formosa
Hart's-tongue Fern
Asplenium scolopendrium var. americanum
Heart Sorrel
Rumex hastatulus
Heartleaf Plantain
Plantago cordata
High-mountain Blueberry
Vaccinium boreale
Hill's Pondweed
Potamogeton hillii
Hoary Puccoon
Lithospermum canescens
Hooker's Orchid
Platanthera hookeri
Houghton's Sedge
Carex houghtoniana
Hudson River Water-nymph
Najas guadalupensis ssp. muenscheri
Hyssop-skullcap
Scutellaria integrifolia
Jacob's-ladder
Polemonium vanbruntiae
James' Sedge
Carex jamesii
Knotted Spikerush
Eleocharis equisetoides
Lake-cress
Rorippa aquatica
Lapland Rosebay
Rhododendron lapponicum var. lapponicum
Large Calyx Goosefoot
Chenopodium berlandieri var. macrocalycium
Large Fruited Fireweed
Erechtites hieraciifolius var. megalocarpus
Large Grass-leaved Rush
Juncus biflorus
Large Twayblade
Liparis liliifolia
Leedy's Roseroot
Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. leedyi
Leiberg's Panic Grass
Dichanthelium leibergii
Lesser Fringed Gentian
Gentianopsis virgata
Lined Sedge
Carex striatula
Little-leaf Tick-trefoil
Desmodium ciliare
Livid Sedge
Carex livida
Long's Bittercress
Cardamine longii
Long-beaked Beakrush
Rhynchospora scirpoides
Long-tubercled Spikerush
Eleocharis tuberculosa
Low Sand-cherry
Prunus pumila var. pumila
Lowland Fragile Fern
Cystopteris protrusa
Lowland Yellow Loosestrife
Lysimachia hybrida
Many-head Sedge
Carex sychnocephala
Marsh Fimbry
Fimbristylis castanea
Marsh Horsetail
Equisetum palustre
Marsh Straw Sedge
Carex hormathodes
Marsh Valerian
Valeriana uliginosa
Mead's Sedge
Carex meadii
Meadow Horsetail
Equisetum pratense
Mexican Seaside Goldenrod
Solidago sempervirens var. mexicana
Michaux's Blue-eyed-grass
Sisyrinchium mucronatum
Midland Sedge
Carex mesochorea
Mingan Moonwort
Botrychium minganense
Minute Duckweed
Lemna perpusilla
Mitchell's Sedge
Carex mitchelliana
Mock-pennyroyal
Hedeoma hispida
Mountain Death Camas
Anticlea elegans ssp. glaucus
Mountain Spleenwort
Asplenium montanum
Mountain Watercress
Cardamine rotundifolia
Musk Root
Adoxa moschatellina
Nantucket Juneberry
Amelanchier nantucketensis
Narrow-leaf Sea-blite
Suaeda linearis
Narrow-leaved Sedge
Carex amphibola
Nodding Pogonia
Triphora trianthophora
Nodding Wild Onion
Allium cernuum var. cernuum
Northern Bentgrass
Agrostis mertensii
Northern Blazing-star
Liatris scariosa var. novae-angliae
Northern Bog Aster
Symphyotrichum boreale
Northern Bog Sedge
Carex gynocrates
Northern Bog Violet
Viola nephrophylla
Northern Clustered Sedge
Carex arcta
Northern Gama Grass
Tripsacum dactyloides
Northern Monkshood
Aconitum noveboracense
Northern Reedgrass
Calamagrostis stricta
Northern Running-pine
Diphasiastrum complanatum
Northern Wild Comfrey
Cynoglossum virginianum var. boreale
Oakes' Evening-primrose
Oenothera oakesiana
Ogden's Pondweed
Potamogeton ogdenii
Ohio Goldenrod
Oligoneuron ohioense
Orange Fringed Orchid
Platanthera ciliaris
Orange Milkwort
Polygala lutea
Ovate Spikerush
Eleocharis ovata
Pale Duckweed
Lemna valdiviana
Peanut Grass
Amphicarpum purshii
Persimmon
Diospyros virginiana
Pine Barren Bellwort
Uvularia puberula
Pink Wintergreen
Pyrola asarifolia ssp. asarifolia
Pod Grass
Scheuchzeria palustris
Porter's Reedgrass
Calamagrostis porteri ssp. porteri
Possum-haw
Viburnum nudum var. nudum
Prairie Dunewort
Botrychium campestre
Primrose-leaf Violet
Viola primulifolia
Purple Crowberry
Empetrum atropurpureum
Purple Milkweed
Asclepias purpurascens
Purple Rock-cress
Boechera grahamii
Puttyroot
Aplectrum hyemale
Quill-leaf Arrowhead
Sagittaria teres
Ram's-head Ladyslipper
Cypripedium arietinum
Rand's Mountain Goldenrod
Solidago simplex var. monticola
Rattlebox
Crotalaria sagittalis
Red Pigweed
Chenopodium rubrum
Reflexed Sedge
Carex retroflexa
Retrorse Flatsedge
Cyperus retrorsus var. retrorsus
Reznicek's Sedge
Carex reznicekii
Rhodora
Rhododendron canadense
Richardson's Sedge
Carex richardsonii
Riverbank Quillwort
Isoetes riparia
Riverweed
Podostemum ceratophyllum
Rock-cress
Draba arabisans
Roland's Sea-blite
Suaeda rolandii
Rose Coreopsis
Coreopsis rosea
Rose-pink
Sabatia angularis
Roseroot
Rhodiola rosea
Rough Avens
Geum virginianum
Rough Hedge-nettle
Stachys hyssopifolia
Rough-leaf Dogwood
Cornus drummondii
Rugulose Grape Fern
Botrychium rugulosum
Rush Bladderwort
Utricularia juncea
Salt-marsh Spikerush
Eleocharis uniglumis var. halophila
Salt-meadow Grass
Leptochloa fusca ssp. fascicularis
Saltmarsh Aster
Symphyotrichum subulatum var. subulatum
Saltmarsh Bulrush
Bolboschoenus novae-angliae
Saltmarsh Loosestrife
Lythrum lineare
Sand Dune Willow
Salix cordata
Sandplain Gerardia
Agalinis acuta
Sandplain Wild Flax
Linum intercursum
Sartwell's Sedge
Carex sartwellii
Scarlet Indian-paintbrush
Castilleja coccinea
Schweinitz's Flatsedge
Cyperus schweinitzii
Schweinitz's Sedge
Carex schweinitzii
Scirpus-like Rush
Juncus scirpoides
Scotch Lovage
Ligusticum scothicum ssp. scothicum
Screw-stem
Bartonia paniculata ssp. paniculata
Sea Purslane
Sesuvium maritimum
Sea-pink
Sabatia stellaris
Seabeach Amaranth
Amaranthus pumilus
Seabeach Knotweed
Polygonum glaucum
Seaside Bulrush
Bolboschoenus maritimus ssp. paludosus
Seaside Gerardia
Agalinis maritima var. maritima
Seaside Orach
Atriplex glabriuscula
Seaside Plantain
Plantago maritima var. juncoides
Serrate Round-leaf Boneset
Eupatorium pubescens
Sheathed Sedge
Carex vaginata
Sheep Fescue
Festuca saximontana var. saximontana
Shining Bedstraw
Galium concinnum
Short's Sedge
Carex shortiana
Short-beaked Beakrush
Rhynchospora nitens
Short-fruit Rush
Juncus brachycarpus
Shortleaf Pine
Pinus echinata
Showy Aster
Eurybia spectabilis
Shrubby St. John's-wort
Hypericum prolificum
Shumard Oak
Quercus shumardii var. shumardii
Side-oats Grama
Bouteloua curtipendula var. curtipendula
Silvery Aster
Symphyotrichum concolor var. concolor
Sky-blue Aster
Symphyotrichum oolentangiense
Slender Blazing-star
Liatris cylindracea
Slender Blue Flag
Iris prismatica
Slender Bulrush
Schoenoplectus heterochaetus
Slender Crabgrass
Digitaria filiformis
Slender Marsh Bluegrass
Poa paludigena
Slender Marsh-pink
Sabatia campanulata
Slender Nutrush
Scleria minor
Slender Pinweed
Lechea tenuifolia
Slender Spikegrass
Chasmanthium laxum
Slender Spikerush
Eleocharis tenuis var. pseudoptera
Small Bur-reed
Sparganium natans
Small Floating Bladderwort
Utricularia radiata
Small White Snakeroot
Ageratina aromatica var. aromatica
Small's Knotweed
Polygonum aviculare ssp. buxiforme
Small-flowered Crowfoot
Ranunculus micranthus
Small-flowered Pearlwort
Sagina decumbens ssp. decumbens
Smartweed Dodder
Cuscuta polygonorum
Smooth Bur-marigold
Bidens laevis
Smooth Cliff Brake
Pellaea glabella ssp. glabella
Smooth Rock-cress
Draba glabella
Soapwort Gentian
Gentiana saponaria
Soft Fox Sedge
Carex conjuncta
Southern Arrowwood
Viburnum dentatum var. venosum
Southern Blue Flag
Iris virginica var. shrevei
Southern Dodder
Cuscuta obtusiflora var. glandulosa
Southern Twayblade
Listera australis
Southern Yellow Flax
Linum medium var. texanum
Sparse-flowered Sedge
Carex tenuiflora
Spongy Arrowhead
Sagittaria montevidensis var. spongiosa
Spotted Pondweed
Potamogeton pulcher
Spreading Globeflower
Trollius laxus
Spring Ladies'-tresses
Spiranthes vernalis
Squashberry
Viburnum edule
St. Andrew's Cross
Hypericum hypericoides ssp. multicaule
Stargrass
Aletris farinosa
Stiff Tick-trefoil
Desmodium obtusum
Stiff-leaf Goldenrod
Oligoneuron rigidum var. rigidum
Straw Sedge
Carex straminea
Striped Coralroot
Corallorhiza striata var. striata
Swamp Birch
Betula pumila
Swamp Buttercup
Ranunculus hispidus var. nitidus
Swamp Cottonwood
Populus heterophylla
Swamp Lousewort
Pedicularis lanceolata
Swamp Oats
Sphenopholis pensylvanica
Swamp Smartweed
Persicaria setacea
Swamp Sunflower
Helianthus angustifolius
Sweet Coltsfoot
Petasites frigidus var. palmatus
Sweetbay Magnolia
Magnolia virginiana
Terrestrial Starwort
Callitriche terrestris
Thicket Sedge
Carex abscondita
Thickleaf Orach
Atriplex dioica
Three-ribbed Spikerush
Eleocharis tricostata
Tidal Spikerush
Eleocharis aestuum
Tinged Sedge
Carex tincta
Tooth-cup
Rotala ramosior
Torrey's Mountain-mint
Pycnanthemum torrei
Trinerved White Boneset
Eupatorium album var. subvenosum
Troublesome Sedge
Carex molesta
Tundra Dwarf Birch
Betula glandulosa
Twin-leaf
Jeffersonia diphylla
Two-ranked moss
Pseudotaxiphyllum distichaceum
Variable Sedge
Carex polymorpha
Veiny Meadow-rue
Thalictrum venulosum var. confine
Velvet Panic Grass
Dichanthelium scoparium
Velvety Bush-clover
Lespedeza stuevei
Violet Wood-sorrel
Oxalis violacea
Virginia False Gromwell
Onosmodium virginianum
Virginia Pine
Pinus virginiana
Virginia Snakeroot
Endodeca serpentaria
Wafer-ash
Ptelea trifoliata ssp. trifoliata
Water Milfoil
Myriophyllum alterniflorum
Water Pigmyweed
Crassula aquatica
Water-thread Pondweed
Potamogeton diversifolius
Weak Rush
Juncus debilis
Whip Nutrush
Scleria triglomerata
White Milkweed
Asclepias variegata
White Mountain-saxifrage
Saxifraga paniculata ssp. neogaea
White-bracted Boneset
Eupatorium leucolepis var. leucolepis
Whorled Mountain-mint
Pycnanthemum verticillatum var. verticillatum
Whorled-pennywort
Hydrocotyle verticillata
Wiegand's Sedge
Carex wiegandii
Wild Comfrey
Cynoglossum virginianum var. virginianum
Wild Hydrangea
Hydrangea arborescens
Wild Pink
Silene caroliniana ssp. pensylvanica
Wild Potato-vine
Ipomoea pandurata
Wild Sweet-william
Phlox maculata ssp. maculata
Willow Oak
Quercus phellos
Wood Reedgrass
Calamagrostis perplexa
Woodland Agrimony
Agrimonia rostellata
Woodland Bluegrass
Poa sylvestris
Woodland Cudweed
Omalotheca sylvatica
Woodland Rush
Juncus subcaudatus
Woolly Lip-fern
Cheilanthes lanosa
Wright's Panic Grass
Dichanthelium wrightianum
Yellow Flatsedge
Cyperus flavescens
Yellow Giant-hyssop
Agastache nepetoides
Yellow Mountain-saxifrage
Saxifraga aizoides
Yellow Wild Flax
Linum sulcatum