No image for this guide.


Class
Insecta (Insects)
Family
Coccinellidae (Lady Beetles)
State Protection
Not Listed
Not listed or protected by New York State.
Federal Protection
Not Listed
State Conservation Status Rank
S2S3
Imperiled or Vulnerable in New York - Very vulnerable, or vulnerable, to disappearing from New York, due to rarity or other factors; typically 6 to 80 populations or locations in New York, few individuals, restricted range, few remaining acres (or miles of stream), and/or recent and widespread declines. More information is needed to assign either S2 or S3.
Global Conservation Status Rank
G5
Secure globally - Common in the world; widespread and abundant (but may be rare in some parts of its range).

Summary

Did you know?

Ladybugs are brightly colored to serve as a warning to predators. They release a distasteful chemical to ward off predators.

State Ranking Justification

This species was once found throughout the state and was considered common. The decline went largely unnoticed until the 1980s. The New York range currently includes locations in central, western, and northern New York.

Short-term Trends

Declines were first noted during the 1980s. The Lost Ladybug Project (Cornell University 2013) reported C. trifasciata at 12 sites.

Long-term Trends

Abundant data are not available, but this species was once considered common and found throughout New York. The population appears to be lower now than in the early to mid-1900s. The decline went largely unnoticed until the 1980s. Most recent observations indicate a range reduction in New York. The species has been found in central, western, and northern parts of the state (Cornell University 2013).

Conservation and Management

Threats

Agricultural land has been declining in New York since the 1880s resulting is less suitable habitat for lady beetles. Between 1940 and 1997, there was a 57% decline in farmed land in New York (Harmon et al. 2007). Non-native lady beetles are predators of C. trifasciata. In addition, non-native lady beetles are likely outcompeting C. trifasciata for resources. There are several other known pathogens and parasites of Coccinellidae (Graves 2013). Lady beetles appear to be sensitive to pesticide use (Stephens and Losey 2003).

Conservation Strategies and Management Practices

Preservation of farmland would maintain or increase suitable open habitat. Pesticide use should be avoided when possible. If pesticide use cannot be avoided: use chemicals that target only the pest, treat only infested area, and select chemicals that do not persist.

Research Needs

Additional research is needed to determine the effects of competition with other coccinellids, habitat needs, and lab rearing and reintroduction techniques.

Habitat

Habitat

Extensive habitat data are not available. Recent observations report the following habitats in New York: meadows/fields (non-agricultural), gardens, yards, hayfields, and bramble fruits (Cornell University 2013). 

Associated Ecological Communities

  • Cropland/field crops
    An agricultural field planted in field crops such as alfalfa, wheat, timothy, and oats. This community includes hayfields that are rotated to pasture.
  • Flower/herb garden
    Residential, commercial, or horticultural land cultivated for the production of ornamental herbs and shrubs. This community includes gardens cultivated for the production of culinary herbs.
  • Mowed lawn with trees
    Residential, recreational, or commercial land in which the groundcover is dominated by clipped grasses and forbs, and it is shaded by at least 30% cover of trees. Ornamental and/or native shrubs may be present, usually with less than 50% cover. The groundcover is maintained by mowing and broadleaf herbicide application.
  • Orchard
    A stand of cultivated fruit trees (such as apples, cherries, peaches, pears, etc.), often with grasses as a groundcover. An orchard may be currently under cultivation or recently abandoned.
  • Pastureland
    Agricultural land permanently maintained (or recently abandoned) as a pasture area for livestock.
  • Successional old field
    A meadow dominated by forbs and grasses that occurs on sites that have been cleared and plowed (for farming or development), and then abandoned or only occasionally mowed.
  • Successional shrubland
    A shrubland that occurs on sites that have been cleared (for farming, logging, development, etc.) or otherwise disturbed. This community has at least 50% cover of shrubs.

Range

New York State Distribution

Historically, three-banded lady beetles were found statewide. The current distribution appears to be reduced to central, western, and northern New York.

Global Distribution

Three-banded lady beetle ranges across the northern United States to southern Canada and north to Alaska.

Identification Comments

Identifying Characteristics

Coccinella trifasciata is a small insect that ranges from 4.0 to 5.0 mm. Males have a pale head with the exception of a black band across the base. Females have a black head with two pale spots. The anterior margin of the pronotum is typically pale with a large ventral pale spot that extends posteriorly as far as the dorsal spot. Elytra have three transverse black bands that are interrupted at the suture (Gordon 1985).

Diet

Three-banded lady beetles primarily eat soft-bodied insects, such as aphids. They are also know to eat pollen.

Best Time to See

The best time to look for lady beetles is early summer when it isn't too dry. The best places to look include old fields and agricultural land that has not been recently treated with pesticides.

  • Present
  • Active

The time of year you would expect to find Three-banded Lady Beetle present and active in New York.

Taxonomy

Three-banded Lady Beetle
Coccinella trifasciata Linnaeus, 1758

  • Kingdom Animalia
    • Phylum Mandibulata (Mandibulates)
      • Class Insecta (Insects)
        • Order Coleoptera (Beetles, Weevils)
          • Family Coccinellidae (Lady Beetles)

Additional Resources

References

Cornell University. 2013. “The Lost Ladybug Project.” www.lostladybug.org. (date accessed: December 29, 2013).

Gordon, R. 1985. The Coccinellidae (Coleoptera) of America north of Mexico. Journal of the New York Entomological Society, 93: 1-912. 

Graves, D. 2013. "Coccinella transversoguttata" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed January 16, 2014 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Coccinella_transversoguttata/

Harmon, J.P., E. Stephens, and J. Losey. 2007. The decline of native coccinellids (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) in the United States and Canada. Journal of Insect Conservation. 11: 85-94.

New York Natural Heritage Program. 2019. New York Natural Heritage Program Databases. Albany, NY.

Poole, R. W., and P. Gentili (eds.). 1996. Nomina Insecta Nearctica: a checklist of the insects of North America. Volume 1 (Coleoptera, Strepsiptera). Entomological Information Services, Rockville, MD. Available online: http://www.nearctica.com/nomina/nomina.htm

Stephens, Erin and John Losey. 2003. The decline of C-9- New York State’s insect. The Xerces Society. Wings: Essays on Invertebrate Conservation. Fall 2003 pp. 8-12.

About This Guide

This guide was authored by: Hollie Y. Shaw

Information for this guide was last updated on: March 30, 2015

Please cite this page as:
New York Natural Heritage Program. 2019. Online Conservation Guide for Coccinella trifasciata. Available from: https://guides.nynhp.org/three-banded-lady-beetle/. Accessed November 16, 2019.

Back to top