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Dicotyledoneae (Dicots)
Boraginaceae (Borage Family)
State Protection
Not Listed
Federal Protection
Not Listed
State Conservation Status Rank
Global Conservation Status Rank


State Ranking Justification

There are no verified occurrences. 6 historical occurrences, all old records of a showy plant that is hard to miss.

Conservation and Management



This taxon has not been observed in New York since the early 20th century. The only habitat information we have from historical records is note that one specimen was collected from "pine plains" (New York Natural Heritage Program 2011). Sandy prairie remnants; openings in oak and jack pine woodland; edges of woods, roads, and railroads (Voss 1996). Prairies and open, dry woods (Gleason and Cronquist 1991). Dry or sandy open woods, prairies, etc. (Fernald 1950).

Associated Ecological Communities

  • Dwarf pine plains* (guide)
  • Pitch pine-oak-heath woodland* (guide)
  • Pitch pine-scrub oak barrens* (guide)
  • Post oak-blackjack oak barrens* (guide)
  • Successional northern sandplain grassland*


New York State Distribution

Scattered from Albany to Buffalo.

Identification Comments

Best Time to See

Hoary Puccoon is most likely to be found in May or ear June when the bright yellow-orange flowers are present.

  • Flowering
  • Fruiting

The time of year you would expect to find Hoary Puccoon flowering and fruiting in New York.


Hoary Puccoon
Lithospermum canescens (Michx.) Lehm.

  • Kingdom Plantae
    • Phylum Anthophyta
      • Class Dicotyledoneae (Dicots)
        • Order Lamiales
          • Family Boraginaceae (Borage Family)

Additional Common Names

  • Puccoon
  • Indian-paint
  • Orange Puccoon

Additional Resources


Gleason, Henry A. and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. The New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York. 910 pp.

Holmgren, Noel. 1998. The Illustrated Companion to Gleason and Cronquist's Manual. Illustrations of the Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. The New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York.

New York Natural Heritage Program. 2019. New York Natural Heritage Program Databases. Albany, NY.

Weldy, T. and D. Werier. 2010. New York flora atlas. [S.M. Landry, K.N. Campbell, and L.D. Mabe (original application development), Florida Center for Community Design and Research University of South Florida]. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York


About This Guide

Information for this guide was last updated on: August 10, 2011

Please cite this page as:
New York Natural Heritage Program. 2019. Online Conservation Guide for Lithospermum canescens. Available from: Accessed March 20, 2019.

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