Kimberly J. Smith


Kimberly J. Smith

Class
Monocotyledoneae (Monocots)
Family
Cyperaceae (Sedge Family)
State Protection
Endangered
Federal Protection
Not Listed
State Conservation Status Rank
S1
Global Conservation Status Rank
G4

Summary

Did you know?

In New York, slender nutrush was only ever known around the Islip-Oakdale area on Long Island and one wetland in Nassau County that was drained. It is presently known from the Islip area, but has not been found anywhere else on Long Island.

State Ranking Justification

There are two existing populations within a short distance of each other on Central Long Island, but neither of the populations has been seen in over 18 years. The plants may still be in the seed bank waiting for the right disturbance. This plant has always been rare in New York with only four other historical occurrences.

Short-term Trends

Existing populations have not been seen in many years and the species may be declining rapidly unless a seed bank has been established and they could return with disturbance.

Long-term Trends

This species never had more than four populations in New York so it has always been very rare. The current small populations continue that trend.

Conservation and Management

Threats

One of the populations is threatened by increased dumping and encroachment of development nearby. The succession of the wetland where it occurs is reducing habitat. The other population has plants next to a trail where they could be trampled or crowded out by the exotic Lespedeza cuneata.

Conservation Strategies and Management Practices

This species needs disturbance to reduce competition from woody plants or more aggressive herbaceous plants but too much direct disturbance to the plants will reduce or eliminate the population. Its habitat could be disturbed in the non-growing season to open it up for seed germination and colonization but direct disturbance should be prevented during the growing season.

Research Needs

Research is needed to determine if a seed bank has been established at known populations and whether disturbance would foster germination of new plants.

Habitat

Habitat

In New York, Scleria minor has only been found at acidic, wet habitats within pine barrens on Long Island (New York Natural Heritage Program 2010). Wet sandy or peaty soils in pinelands and savannas or boggy areas (FNA 2002).

Associated Ecological Communities

  • Pine barrens shrub swamp (guide)
  • Pine barrens vernal pond* (guide)
  • Pitch pine-blueberry peat swamp* (guide)

Associated Species

  • Acer rubrum
  • Andropogon glomeratus
  • Andropogon virginicus
  • Carex barrattii (Barratt's sedge)
  • Juncus sp.
  • Kalmia angustifolia
  • Polygala lutea (orange milkwort)
  • Rhynchospora capitellata (brownish beak sedge)
  • Scleria triglomerata (whip nut sedge)
  • Sphagnum sp.
  • Woodwardia virginica

Range

New York State Distribution

This herb is currently known from Suffolk County with historical records also from Nassau County. There is an unconfirmed report from Staten Island.

Global Distribution

It extends from Long Island in the north along the Atlantic coastal plain south to South Carolina. There are also scattered populations in the mountains of North Carolina and Tennessee, the East Coast of Northern Florida and in Eastern Texas.

Best Places to See

  • Connetquot River State Park Preserve (Suffolk County)

Identification Comments

General Description

Scleria is a genus of sedge with trigonous culms, dimorphic spikelets, and conspicuous white achenes. Slender nutrush is a perennial species, with slender stems up to 80 cm tall, rising from long rhizomes. The leaves are 1 to 2.5 mm wide and glabrous. The stems are taller and more slender than the leaves. The infloresence is subtended by leafy bracts 3 to 10 cm long, and normally consists of 1 or 2 flower clusters (fascicles) each with 1 to 5 spikelets. Only the uppermost pistillate spikelet is fertile. The fruits are brownish gray achenes, sometimes with longitudinal dark stripes, 1.5 to 2 mm long, and are covered with a whitish siliceous crust (FNA 2002).

Best Life Stage for Proper Identification

Slender nutrush is best identified when in fruit.

Similar Species

Scleria minor was once considered to be a variety of S. triglomerata. It differs from S. triglomerata by its narrower leaves (1 to 2.5 mm wide, versus 3 to 9 mm for S. triglomerata) and smaller achenes (1.5 to 2 mm wide, versus 2 to 3 mm for S. triglomerata) (FNA 2002). Both S. minor and S. triglomerata have smooth, shiny achenes, while all the other species of Scleria in New York all have rough or reticulate achenes (FNA 2002).

Best Time to See

Slender nutrush fruits from late June through the end of September.

  • Fruiting

The time of year you would expect to find Slender Nut Sedge fruiting in New York.

Slender Nut Sedge Images


Images of Similar Species

Taxonomy

Slender Nut Sedge
Scleria minor W. Stone

  • Kingdom Plantae
    • Phylum Anthophyta
      • Class Monocotyledoneae (Monocots)
        • Order Cyperales
          • Family Cyperaceae (Sedge Family)

Additional Common Names

  • Nutrush
  • Whipgrass

Additional Resources

Best Identification Reference

Flora of North America Editorial Committee. 2002. Flora of North America, North of Mexico. Volume 23. Magnoliophyta: Commelinidae (in part): Cyperaceae. Oxford University Press, New York. 608 pp.

Other References

Fernald, M.L. 1950. Gray's manual of botany. 8th edition. D. Van Nostrand, New York. 1632 pp.

Gleason, Henry A. and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. The New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York. 910 pp.

Holmgren, Noel. 1998. The Illustrated Companion to Gleason and Cronquist's Manual. Illustrations of the Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. The New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York.

New York Natural Heritage Program. 2010. Biotics database. New York Natural Heritage Program. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. Albany, NY.

New York Natural Heritage Program. 2019. New York Natural Heritage Program Databases. Albany, NY.

Weldy, T. and D. Werier. 2010. New York flora atlas. [S.M. Landry, K.N. Campbell, and L.D. Mabe (original application development), Florida Center for Community Design and Research http://www.fccdr.usf.edu/. University of South Florida http://www.usf.edu/]. New York Flora Association http://newyork.plantatlas.usf.edu/, Albany, New York

Links

About This Guide

Information for this guide was last updated on: February 28, 2011

Please cite this page as:
New York Natural Heritage Program. 2019. Online Conservation Guide for Scleria minor. Available from: https://guides.nynhp.org/slender-nut-sedge/. Accessed March 25, 2019.

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