Argentina egedii ssp. groenlandica David Werier

Argentina egedii ssp. groenlandica
David Werier

Class
Dicotyledoneae (Dicots)
Family
Rosaceae (Rose Family)
State Protection
Threatened
Federal Protection
Not Listed
State Conservation Status Rank
S2
Global Conservation Status Rank
G5TNR

Summary

Did you know?

Argentina comes from the Latin word for silver. It refers to the silvery hairs that cover the leaves of the species.The country of Argentina derives its name from the silver that was shipped down the silver river (Rio de la Plata) from the Potosi silver mines in Bolivia (Wikipedia contributors).

State Ranking Justification

There are 10 existing populations and most of them are of good to excellent quality. There are 10 historical populations.

Short-term Trends

There is not enough recent information to evaluate short-term trends.

Long-term Trends

There are about as many existing populations as they were historical populations so species has remained stable over time. Future trends may be downward as Phragmites populations expand.

Conservation and Management

Threats

This plant occurs in salt marshes often invaded by Phragmites.

Conservation Strategies and Management Practices

Control Phragmites invasions in the salt marshes where it exists and prevent new incursions. Natural buffers should be established around the salt marshes to decrease pollution runoff and other direct human disturbances.

Research Needs

Habitat studies should be performed to discover why plants prefer some salt marshes over others and why they may be distributed in only a small portion of the marsh.

Habitat

Habitat

In New York, coastal silverweed is known from coastal wetlands including salt marshes, brackish tidal marshes, and the shores of coastal salt ponds (New York Natural Heritage Program 2010). Wet, sandy seacoasts, commonly in brackish soil (Gleason and Cronquist 1991).

Associated Ecological Communities

  • Brackish intertidal shore
  • Brackish tidal marsh (guide)
  • Coastal plain pond shore* (guide)
  • Coastal salt pond (guide)
  • High salt marsh (guide)

Associated Species

  • Agalinis maritima
  • Agrostis stolonifera (creeping bent)
  • Amaranthus cannabinus (salt marsh water-hemp)
  • Atriplex prostrata (seaside orach)
  • Baccharis halimifolia (groundsel-tree)
  • Bolboschoenus robustus (sea-coast bulrush)
  • Carex silicea (beach sedge)
  • Distichlis spicata (salt grass)
  • Eleocharis
  • Gaylussacia baccata (black huckleberry)
  • Iva frutescens (salt marsh-elder)
  • Juncus gerardii
  • Lilaeopsis chinensis (eastern grasswort)
  • Limonium carolinianum (sea-lavender)
  • Limosella australis (Atlantic mudwort)
  • Myrica pensylvanica
  • Phragmites australis ssp. australis
  • Plantago rugelii (Rugel's plantain)
  • Pluchea odorata (salt marsh-fleabane)
  • Polygonum glaucum (sea-beach knotweed)
  • Quercus alba (white oak)
  • Salicornia depressa (slender glasswort)
  • Schoenoplectus americanus (chair-maker's bulrush)
  • Schoenoplectus pungens
  • Smilax rotundifolia (common greenbrier)
  • Spartina alterniflora (smooth cord grass)
  • Spartina patens (salt-meadow cord grass)
  • Suaeda
  • Symphyotrichum tenuifolium
  • Triglochin maritima (sea arrow-grass)

Range

New York State Distribution

This salt marsh plant occurs on the eastern end of Long Island with a few historical records on the western end that are now considered extirpated.

Global Distribution

This is an arctic species of northern Canada and Alaska that extends down the east coast of the US from Maine to Long Island.

Best Places to See

  • Naapeague State Park (Suffolk County)

Identification Comments

General Description

Coastal silverweed is a creeping perennial herb species. It spreads by long stolons which root at the nodes, producing new leafy stems. The leaves are pinnately compound, with leaflets up to 4 cm long with long, sharp teeth and undersides covered with dense silvery tomentose hairs. The stolons, pedicels, and axes of the leaves are covered with long, silky hairs. The flowers are 1.5 to 2.5 cm across, with 5 yellow petals, and are solitary on erect pedicels from the leaf axils or the nodes of the stolons. The fruits are clusters of achenes 1.5 to 2.0 mm long and flattened laterally (Gleason and Cronquist 1991, Haines 1998).

Best Life Stage for Proper Identification

Coastal Silverweed is best determined when in fruit, but flowering or vegetative specimens may also be identified.

Similar Species

Argentina egedii ssp. groenlandica is closely related to Argentina anserina. A. anserina differs by having the undersides of the leaves covered with long silky hairs (covering up the short gray-silvery tomentose hairs) and achenes about equally as thick as wide and deeply grooved on one side, while A. edgedii ssp. groenlandica has silky hairs on the veins only (underside of the leaves still tomentose) and flattened achenes rounded or with a shallow groove (Gleason and Cronquist 1991).
A. egedii ssp. groenlandica is the only subspecies in New York. Potentilla argentea (Silvery Cinquefoil) is a related species which also has leaves silvery tomentose on the underside, but its leaves are palmately compound.

Best Time to See

Coastal Silverweed flowers from mid-June to mid-August and fruits during August and September.

  • Flowering
  • Fruiting

The time of year you would expect to find Coastal Silverweed flowering and fruiting in New York.

Coastal Silverweed Images

Taxonomy

Coastal Silverweed
Potentilla anserina ssp. pacifica (T.J. Howell) Rousi

  • Kingdom Plantae
    • Phylum Anthophyta
      • Class Dicotyledoneae (Dicots)
        • Order Rosales
          • Family Rosaceae (Rose Family)

Synonyms

  • Argentina egedii ssp. groenlandica (Tratt.) A. Love
  • Argentina egedii (Wormsk.) Rydb.
  • Potentilla anserina ssp. egedii (Wormsk.) Hiitonen
  • Potentilla pacifica T.J. Howell
  • Potentilla anserina ssp. pacifica (T.J. Howell) Rousi
  • Potentilla anserina var. grandis Torrey & A. Gray
  • Argentina pacifica (Howell) Rydb.

Comments on the Classification

Subspecies egedii is a northern sp. that does not occur in NY. Our plants are ssp. groenlandicum.

Additional Resources

Best Identification Reference

Gleason, Henry A. and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. The New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York. 910 pp.

Other References

Fernald, M. L. 1950. Gray's manual of botany. 8th edition. Corrected printing (1970). D. Van Nostrand Company, New York. 1632 pp.

Holmgren, Noel. 1998. The Illustrated Companion to Gleason and Cronquist's Manual. Illustrations of the Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. The New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York.

Mitchell, Richard S. and Gordon C. Tucker. 1997. Revised Checklist of New York State Plants. Contributions to a Flora of New York State. Checklist IV. Bulletin No. 490. New York State Museum. Albany, NY. 400 pp.

New York Natural Heritage Program. 2010. Biotics database. New York Natural Heritage Program. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. Albany, NY.

New York Natural Heritage Program. 2019. New York Natural Heritage Program Databases. Albany, NY.

Weldy, T. and D. Werier. 2010. New York flora atlas. [S.M. Landry, K.N. Campbell, and L.D. Mabe (original application development), Florida Center for Community Design and Research http://www.fccdr.usf.edu/. University of South Florida http://www.usf.edu/]. New York Flora Association http://www.nyflora.org/, Albany, New York

About This Guide

This guide was authored by: Richard M. Ring

Information for this guide was last updated on: February 22, 2012

Please cite this page as:
New York Natural Heritage Program. 2019. Online Conservation Guide for Potentilla anserina ssp. pacifica. Available from: https://guides.nynhp.org/coastal-silverweed/. Accessed January 17, 2019.

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